Doesn’t affect natural period

Contraception doesn’t affect natural period

Combined oral contraceptive pill - COC

What is it?

  • A daily pill taken by mouth containing the hormones oestrogen and progesterone.

How does it work?

Emergency Pill - read more

 

What is it?

  • An emergency tablet taken by mouth that protects you from pregnancy after unprotected sex.
  • There are two types available: Levonelle - effective if taken within 72hrs/3 days of sex and Ellaone - effective if taken within 120hrs/5days of sex.

 

How does it work?

Natural Family Planning

What is it?

  • A method where a woman monitors her body’s natural fertility indicators (signs) during her monthly cycle. These show when you can have sex without risking pregnancy (non-fertile time) and when you should avoid sex (fertile time).

How does it work?

  • By monitoring your body temperature, vaginal discharge and the length of yoour cycle you can tell when you are fertile and when you are not.

What’s great about it?

Withdrawal

 What is it?

  • A form of birth control that is also known as "pulling out." The man removes his penis from the vagina before he comes (ejaculates).

 How does it work?

  • Ejaculation occurs outside the vagina so semen doesn’t enter vagina. 

 What’s great about it? 

Male Condom

 What is it?

  • Thin cover made of rubber or polyurethane that fits snugly over the penis during sex.

 How does it work?

  • It acts as a barrier between the penis and vagina so sperm cannot enter the vagina and reach the egg.

 What’s great about it? 

Female Condom

 What is it?

  • Very thin, soft tubing made of polyurethane that is inserted into and loosely lines the vagina. 

 How does it work?

  • It acts as a barrier between the penis and vagina so sperm doesn’t enter the vagina and reach the egg.

 What’s great about it? 

Diaphragm and Caps

What are they?

  • Soft, flexible latex or silicone dome/cup shaped devices that fit in the vagina and cover the cervix (entrance to the womb). Caps are usually smaller.
  • They should be used with a spermicide. 

 How do they work?

  • Act as a barrier preventing sperm from entering the womb thereby stopping fertilisation with an egg.
  • The spermicide kills the sperm. 

What’s great about them? 

Male sterilisation

What is it?

  • An operation that results in permanent contraception for men who have completed their family or who never want children.
  • Otherwise known as vasectomy.

How does it work?

  • The tube (vas deferens) that carries sperm from the testicles to the penis is blocked off so no sperm are released when the man ejaculates (“comes”).

What’s great about it?

Vaginal Ring

What is it?

  • A small, flexible ring that you place in your vagina. It releases the hormones progesterone and oestrogen.

How does it work?

Patch

What is it?

  • A small, thin, plastic adhesive square that sticks to your skin and releases oestrogen and progesterone hormones.

How does it work?

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