Has non-contraceptive benefits

Combined oral contraceptive pill - COC

What is it?

  • A daily pill taken by mouth containing the hormones oestrogen and progesterone.

How does it work?

Lactational Amenorrhea

What is it?

  • Continuous breastfeeding for up to 6 months - feeding the baby at least every 4 hours during the day, and at least every 6 hours at night without using any expressed milk or formula milk.

How does it work?

  • While you are breastfeeding continuously, your body doesn't make the hormone needed to release eggs.

What’s great about it?

Vaginal Ring

What is it?

  • A small, flexible ring that you place in your vagina. It releases the hormones progesterone and oestrogen.

How does it work?

Depo-provera shot

What is it?

  • Injection of the hormone progesterone - given every three months by a health care professional.

How does it work?

  • Stops ovulation (eggs being released from the ovaries), thickens the mucus at the entrance to the womb preventing sperm getting through and thins the lining of your womb preventing implantation of a fertilised egg.

What’s great about it?

Progestogen only pill - POP

What is it?

  • A daily pill taken by mouth containing the hormone progesterone.

How does it work?

  • One pill is taken every day.
  • The hormone thickens the mucus at the entrance to the womb preventing sperm getting through and thins the lining of your womb preventing implantation of a fertilised egg. Some POPs also stop ovulation (eggs being released from the ovaries).

What’s great about it?

Patch

What is it?

  • A small, thin, plastic adhesive square that sticks to your skin and releases oestrogen and progesterone hormones.

How does it work?

Implant

What is it?

  • A soft, plastic, matchstick sized rod placed under the skin which releases the hormone progesterone.
  • A trained health care provider inserts it under your upper arm using local anesthetic.

How does it work?

  • The hormone stops ovulation (eggs being released from the ovaries), thickens the mucus at the entrance to the womb preventing sperm getting through and thins the lining of your womb preventing implantation of a fertilised egg.

What’s great about it?

Mirena (Intra-uterine system)

What is it?

  • A small, flexible piece of soft plastic that fits inside the womb.
  • It is easily inserted by a trained health care professional.
  • It releases a hormone progesterone into the womb.

How does it work?

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